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Causes of Hair Loss


Dry hair

Greying of Hair

Oily hair

Ayurvedic Treatment for Hair Loss
Worried about your loss of hair? Tried several products without any result? Well, there are thousand like you who have tried one product or the other before thinking of an Ayurvedic remedy for hair fall. No product, available in the market, is 100% efficient as a cure for each and every type of alopecia. This is because there are several factors causing alopecia or hair loss. These are hereditary, stress, hormones, medicines, irregular food habits, environment, lifestyle etc

'Alopecia' is a medical terminology for various types of hair loss. There are different types of alopecia like androgenetic alopecia, cicatricial alopecia, diffuse alopecia, traction alopecia, etc. Alopecia areata is an unpredictable, autoimmune skin disease resulting in the loss of hair on the scalp and elsewhere on the body. The complete etiology of alopecia areata is not known. It is believed that the affected hair follicles are mistakenly attacked by a person's own immune system (white blood corpuscles), resulting in the arrest of hair growth.

Alopecia areata usually starts with one or more small, round, smooth bald patch on the scalp. It can progress to total scalp hair loss (alopecia totalis) or complete body hair loss (alopecia universalis). In Ayurveda, alopecia areata is described as indralupt.

Causes of Hair Loss
Of the many factors that trigger hair loss, the major ones are:

Stress: You may have heard that stress can cause hair loss, and it’s true. Excessive physical or emotional stress, like that associated with injury, illness or surgery, can cause one of two types of hair loss:

  • The more common type is called telogen effluvium. With this less severe type of hair loss, the hair stops growing and lies dormant, only to fall out 2 or 3 months later. Then it grows back within 6 to 9 months.
  • The other type of stress-induced hair loss is known as alopecia areata, and involves a white blood cell attack on the hair follicles. With this type of hair loss, the hair also falls out within weeks (usually in patches), but can involve the entire scalp and even body hair. Hair may grow back on its own, but treatment may also be required.
Severe or protracted illness of about 2 to 3 months. Major surgeries may also lead to hair loss.

Hair loss also occurs because of a hormonal imbalance. Overactive or underactive thyroid glands (hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism) lead to hair fall. If male or female hormones like androgen or estrogen are out of balance hair fall would occur.

Many women notice hair fall about 3 months after they've had a baby This loss is also related to hormones. During pregnancy, high levels of certain hormones cause the body to keep hair that would normally fall out. When the hormones return to pre-pregnancy levels, that hair falls out and the normal cycle of growth and loss starts again.

Intake of strong medicines causes hair loss.

Major hair loss also occurs because of some fungal infection and diabetes.

Dandruff (Pityriasis simplex capillitii) is the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp (not to be confused with a dry scalp). Dandruff is sometimes caused by frequent exposure to extreme heat and cold. As it is normal for skin cells to die and flake off, a small amount of flaking is normal and common; about 487,000 cells/cm2 get released normally. Some people, however, either chronically or as a result of certain triggers, experience an unusually large amount of flaking, up to 800,000/cm2, which can also be accompanied by redness and irritation. It is not visible with the naked eye during the early stages of growth but it becomes visible only after getting bigger sized into pieces of dead skin.
Dandruff is of two types; dry and waxy. Dry dandruff is also known as pityriasis capitis simplex and waxy dandruff as pityriasis steatoides. Dry dandruff results in itching of the scalp and the white scales are loosely scattered in the hair. In waxy dandruff the white scales gets stick to the scalp. Dandruff is often caused by internal and external causes. Poor circulation of blood, poor hygiene, improper diet, hormonal imbalance and emotional stress are some of the internal causes.

The external causes are excessive use of hair sprays and gels, use of harsh and strong shampoos and environmental conditions. It is believed to be infection caused by bacteria and is contagious in nature. The common use of the brushes, combs, towels, soaps and other articles spreads it. 

The severity of dandruff may fluctuate with season as it often worsens in winter. Those affected by dandruff find that it can cause social or self-esteem problems. Treatment may be important for both physiological and psychological reasons.

All cases of dandruff can be easily treated with Ayurveda.

Dry hair

Dry hair is hair that does not have enough moisture and oil to maintain its normal sheen and texture.

Accumulated oil on the scalp blocks the pores and does not allow the free flow of oil on the surface and makes the hair dry. They give a dull look and become brittle. The dry scalp needs more care and nourishment.

It is caused by over exposure to the sun, use of harsh shampoo / soaps and chemical treatments. Excessive blow-drying would also lead to dry hair.

Other causes of dry hair are:

  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Excessive washing, or using harsh soaps or alcohols
  • Dry air (environmental dryness)
  • Menkes kinky hair syndrome
  • Malnutrition (for example, kwashiorkor disease)
  • Underactive parathyroid (hypoparathyroidism)
  • Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)
The people with dry and dull hair should increase the intake of zinc. Oil massage is also beneficial for dry hair.
Greying of Hair
Hair colour is the pigmentation of hair follicles due to two types of melanin, eumelanin and pheomelanin. Generally, if more melanin is present, the colour of the hair is darker; if less melanin is present, the hair is lighter. Levels of melanin can vary over time causing a person's hair colour to change, and it is possible to have hair follicles of more than one colour.

Grey or white hair is not actually a true grey or white pigment. In fact, it is due to lack of pigmentation and melanin. The clear hairs appear as grey or white because of the way light reflects from the hairs. Grey hair colour typically occurs naturally as people age. For some people this can happen at a very young age (for example, at the age of 10). The same is true for white hair. In some cases, grey hair may be caused by thyroid deficiencies or a deficiency of B12.

Premature greying is one of the most common genetic conditions, as more than two billion people on earth will be affected by them at some point in their lives.
Because genetics play a decisive role, no completely satisfactory solution exists yet. Despite that, billions of dollars are spent annually on diverse anti-grey hair products, with 90% of them being scams.
There are many factors for premature greying. Inadequate diet, faulty lifestyle, use of chemicals, harsh shampoos, stress and some chronic health disorders like anaemia and constipation also cause premature greying of hair.
Oily hair
You wash and style your hair every morning, but within a few short hours, it looks stringy and dirty. You, like millions of others, have oily hair.
But don't be angry at the sebaceous glands that are doing their job. Oil protects your hair shafts from breaking, keeps your scalp in good condition, and gives your hair that nice, healthy-looking sheen. Unfortunately, sometimes it's overactive.

Several factors can be responsible for oily hair, including:
  • Heredity: If your mom or dad had oily hair, chances are you will, too.
  • Hormonal fluctuations: In adult women, it may come with the menstrual cycle or using birth control pills. In teens, it's just part of the ever-embarrassing teenaged experience. When the hormones simmer down, the problem usually evens out.
  • Bulking up: Excessive oil is a side effect of using androgenic hormones to increase body mass.
  • Hair texture: Fine hair is often oilier than coarse hair because it takes up less room on the scalp. This means people with fine hair are usually crowned with lots more of it than people with coarse hair. And the more hair there is, the more oil because each follicle is supplied with two to three oil glands.
Diet doesn't play much of a role in the development of oily hair. Eating deep fried snacks won't send the grease directly to your scalp. The people with oily skin are more likely to suffer from oily hair. Although the problem of oily hair is due to the over-active oil (sebaceous) glands, accumulation of dust and pollution can also make the hair look greasy. Oily hair needs proper care and regular washing, because dust and dirt stick to the hair very easily, making it even more dull, wilted and lifeless. It needs washing after every third or fourth day. The oil secretion is also affected by the hormonal imbalance that can be a result of stress, anxiety and faulty lifestyle. The oily hair is more prone to scalp infections, itching and dandruff, as they get dirty soon after head bath.

Pediculosis is an infestation of lice — blood-feeding ectoparasitic insects. The condition can occur in almost any species of warm-blooded animal, including humans.  Although "pediculosis" in humans may properly refer to lice infestation of any part of the body, the term is sometimes used loosely to refer to pediculosis capitis, the infestation of the human head with the specific head louse.

Unhygienic conditions often result in lice infestation. The people with long hair are more prone to have lice causing itching and abrasions on the scalp of the skin. It is one of the most common contagious childhood diseases. Head lice are totally non-discriminating and can infest people of any lifestyle, age, race, or socio-economic status.

Split ends
Trichoptlosis or split ends is a problem commonly faced by people with dry or very brittle hair. Split ends occur, when the protective layer of cuticle is removed from the tip of the strands. As a result, the fibres of the inner layers, the cortex and medulla get flayed, each two to three centimetres long, at its tips. and  Although cutting the split ends is the best way to get rid of split ends, the problem would reoccur after the strand grows once again. Ignoring the condition makes the situation worse. The splits will continue up the hair shaft causing more damaged hair that will need to be cut off. Therefore, opting for effective remedies for split ends is suggested.
Ayurvedic Treatment for Hair Loss
According to Ayurveda, body type and balance of the mind-body constitution are important factors in determining hair loss. Individuals having excess Pitta dosha face problems of hair loss and early greying of hair.

Ayurvedic treatment for hair loss combines a balanced diet, herbs, oil massage, and yoga.

It is important that you detect the elements in your diet or lifestyle that are leading to increase in Pitta dosha and eliminate or at least reduce exposure to it. To reduce pitta dosha drink 1/3 cup of aloe vera juice everyday. You can also mix a pinch of cumin into 1 tablespoon of aloe vera gel and consume the mixture thrice a day for three months to give a healthy look to your hair.

It is advisable to use mild natural shampoos or soaps as they are devoid of harmful chemicals. These harmful chemicals present in other shampoos or soaps lead to an increase in Pitta dosha. Also you should never wash your hair with hot water as it speeds up the process of hair loss. It is better that you use cold or lukewarm water to wash your hair.

To reduce hair fall, rinse your hair with water in which neem leaves has been boiled. Do not wash your hair more than twice a week. If time permits, make shampoo at home by combining 100g each of amla, reetha, and shikakai. Boil it in two litres of water until the liquid reduces to half. Use it for one month and your hair is likely to become dense.

Regular massage of the scalp with coconut oil or mustard oil may help stop hair loss. Regular massage not only increases the blood circulation but also activates the sebaceous glands. Massaging your head with coconut oil, brahmi oil or bhringaraj oil or vitamin E oil before going to sleep can pacify pitta and prevent or slow down the process of hair loss by strengthening hair follicles. You can also mix lime juice in coconut oil and apply it on your hair before washing it. Juice of green coriander leaves too helps when applied on the scalp.

Consumption of diet full of green leafy vegetables, salads, milk, fruits, nuts, sprouts, wheatgerm and whole grains should be encouraged. Increase the intake of protein in your diet through milk, buttermilk, soybean and pulses. Consumption of foods containing iron, zinc, sulphur, Vitamin C, Vitamin B Complex and essential fatty acids is also very beneficial for healthy hair.

Indulge in regular physical exercises to achieve a balance in the aggravated doshas. You can do Vajrasana which is a yoga exercise to combat hair loss

If you are worried about your receding hairline or thinning of hair due to excessive hair fall, opting for Ayurvedic treatment for hair loss is the best option as it has no side-effects unlike allopathic treatment.

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