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TUBERCULOSIS

Causes

Symptoms

Prevention

Home Remedies

Diet

Ayurveda treatment for Tuberculosis

Herbs for treating Tuberculosis

 
 
Tuberculosis (TB, short for tubercle bacillus) is known as Rajyakshma in Ayurveda and is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis usually attacks the lungs but can also affect other parts of the body. Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious bacterial infection that involves the lungs, but may spread to other organs.
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Causes

One can get infected by inhalation of air droplets from the cough or sneeze of an infected person. This is called primary TB. The infection may stay inactive (dormant) for years. However, in some people it can reactivate.

You don't get TB by just touching the clothes or shaking the hands of someone who is infected. Tuberculosis is spread (transmitted) primarily from person to person by breathing infected air during close contact.

Most people who develop symptoms of a TB infection first became infected in the past. However, in some cases, the disease may become active within weeks after the primary infection.
People in the following categories are likely to be most at risk:
  • Elderly
  • Infants
  • People with weakened immune systems, for example due to AIDS, chemotherapy, diabetes, or certain medications
  • Those with a poor nutritious intake of food
  • Those living in crowded or unsanitary conditions
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Symptoms
In the primary stage of TB there are usually no symptoms. When symptoms of pulmonary TB occur, they may include:
  • Cough (usually cough up mucus) particularly in the morning
  • Coughing up blood
  • Excessive sweating, especially at night
  • Fatigue
  • Fever in the evenings
  • Unintentional weight loss
Other symptoms, of the disease are:
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Pain in the chest
  • Wheezing
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Prevention
TB is a preventable disease, even in those who have been exposed to an infected person.  Prompt treatment is extremely important in controlling the spread of TB from those who have active TB disease to those who have never been infected with TB.

When people do not take their TB medications as recommended, the infection may become much more difficult to treat. The TB bacteria may become resistant to treatment, and sometimes, the drugs no longer help treat the infection.

By maintaining good health and immunity, you can prevent getting infected with tuberculosis. Nutritious food, adequate sleep, exercise and leading a life with minimal stress go a long way in helping your immunity fight off any infection well including TB. Work at improving your immunity by including diet rich in antioxidants. Have at least 4-5 servings of fresh vegetables and fruits every day. If you cannot have it due to certain practical constraints, make sure you take your daily dose of antioxidants after consulting your doctor. Anti-oxidants help fight free radicals produced in the body due to any kind of disease/stress and help in cell repair.

Fresh air and sunlight can help prevent TB. The microbes in TB thrive in cold, damp places. Whether you are at home or office, remember to open all your windows for a major portion of the day to let the sunlight and air in.

People in your family, including house-help, who would come in close contact with children, need to be screened. Also, breast feeding the baby for at least six months increases their immunity against all infections including TB.
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Home Remedies
  • Custard Apple: Custard Apple mixed with 25 seedless raisins need to be boiled together. And then mixed with a sugar candy substance, along with cinnamon, cardamom and other spices. This helps rejuvenate the patient’s body.
  • Gooseberry: Fresh gooseberry (amla) juice mixed with honey can provide vigour and vitality in the patient within a few hours. This treatment should be taken every morning.
  • Pineapple: One glass of pineapple juice a day helps dissolve the mucus and speed up recovery.
  • Orange:A pinch salt with a tablespoon of honey added to a glass of orange juice can help inhibit the spread of secondary diseases.
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Diet
  • Milk which contains calcium is vital. Consume milk and eggs for six to eight weeks. The milk should be consumed every two hours from 8 a.m. to 8p.m. In preparation for this prolonged milk diet one should participate in a three day juice fast (particularly orange juice) before hand. During this time, the patient should be in bed rest for two hours twice a day.
  • Drumstick, Bottle Gourd, and mint are some vegetables beneficial for recovery from TB. Fruits like orange, Pineapple, Custard apple are helpful. Milk should be taken as it contains calcium which is needed for the health of the bones.
  • More of milk and eggs should be taken by patients.
  • Dry fruits especially grapes and almond oil can help in building immunity.
  • Avoid white bread, refined sugar, processed cereals, curd, banana and guava. Also puddings and pies, and canned foods should not be eaten. The patient should not drink strong tea or coffee. Furthermore, condiments such as pickles and sauces are also to be avoided.
  • Drumstick, Bottle Gourd, and mint are also beneficial in the recovery from TB. These remedies help in one in ways such as helping build up the body’s immune system, and liquefaction of the sputum. The mint in particular helps nourish the lungs. These healing aids are a healthier alternative to other anti-tuberculosis drugs.
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Ayurvedic Treatment for Tuberculosis
The treatment of a case of tuberculosis must start with the patient being isolated, housed in an airy room where there is enough sunlight, if the disease has been detected at a secondary stage.
  • Garlic is a wonderful drug for in the cure of TB. Thirty grains of garlic boiled in about eight ounces of milk and two pounds of water should be administered in two doses in the day. But the medicine is ready only when the whole decoction has been reduced to one fourth of its original quantity.
  • The juice of Vasa (Adathoda vasica) leaves is an effective remedy for tuberculosis. 30 ml of the juice from the leaves of the drug given thrice in the day with honey provides relief.
  • Naradiya Mahalakshami Vilasa Rasa which contains traces of gold should be administered in three doses of 200 mg each in the day.
  • Swarna Vasant Malati is the drug in cases where there is excessive fever, sweating and burning sensation on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet.
  • Rudanti (Cressa crestca) given in 2 gm. doses twice daily reduce the virulence of the disease.
  • Drakshasava should be administered in 30 ml doses after meals. It should be mixed with an equal quantity of water.
  • Chyavanaprasha Avaleha is another good remedy to give strength to the patient. The dosage in the beginning should be two teaspoonfuls with milk on an empty stomach twice daily, but as the patient gains strength, it should be increased. Long pepper in powdered form should be given in one teaspoonful doses twice daily.
  • In the initial stages of the disease, when there is dry cough, fever in the night and weakness, the following medicines should be given:
  • Suvarna Vasanta Malati Rasa 250 mg.
  • Praval Pishti 500 mg.
  • Amritasatva 250 mg.
  • It should be administered with preserve (murabba) of amla, thrice daily.
  • In case there is bleeding then the following drugs should be administered.
  • (1) Vasantamalati 120 mg.
  • To be taken in morning and evening with goat's milk.
  • In cases of high temperatures of tuberculosis, the following prescriptions should be administered:
  • (1) Muktapanchamrita 120 mg.
  • Pachanana Rasa 120 mg.
  • Amritasatva 240 mg.
  • To be taken morning and evening with honey.
  • (2) Chandramrita 1 gm.
  • Sitopaladi 12 gm.
  • To be mixed with honey and to be used as linctus.
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Herbs for Treating Tuberculosis
  • Pippali is another effective remedy.  One teaspoonful of pippali powder is mixed with honey and given three times daily.
  • Ashwagandha, Amalaki, Abhrak Bhasma, Madhu Malini, Guduchi, Shatavari and Yashtimadhuk are some other Ayurvedic medicines that are useful in the treatment of tuberculosis and to prevent its recurrence.
  • Kanchnaar, Kanchnaar Guggulu, Triphala Guggulu are other medicines used to treat tuberculosis affecting the glands.
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